Virginia Howard is a stroke epidemiologist with experience in multicenter stroke clinical trials and observational cohort studies. She received a master's degree in biostatistics from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and a PhD in epidemiology from the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston. Her research interests include stroke symptoms and associated risk factors, life-course exposure to the stroke belt geographic region, and risk factors for outcomes following carotid endarterectomy and carotid stenting. Her teaching activities focus on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease epidemiology.
Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy vs. Stenting Trial (CREST) (Virginia Howard, PI of the Statistical and Data Management Center):
CREST is a multicenter, secondary stroke prevention clinical trial funded by the NINDS. The major goal of this trial is to contrast the relative efficacy of carotid angioplasty stenting versus carotid endarterectomy in preventing stroke, myocardial infarction, or death during a 30-day peri-procedural period, or stroke ipsilateral to the study artery over the follow-up period. UAB's role is to provide overall clinical trial management, statistical collaboration and analyses, and design and maintenance of systems to receive and manage data from participating clinics and core labs across North America.
REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) (Virginia Howard, co-PI)
We are collaborating with the Department of Biostatistics and the Center for the Study of Community Health Survey Research Unit and the Center for Health Promotion Survey Research Unit on a national, population-based longitudinal study of African-Americans and whites to determine risk factors that will help explain the excess stroke mortality in the Southeastern United States and among African-Americans across the entire US.