Dr. Janet Turan is an Associate Professor in the Department of Health Care Organization and Policy at the UAB School of Public Health. Dr. Turan'smain research interests are in the topic area of maternal and child health (MCH) in low-resource settings of both developing and developed countries. Over the course of her research career, she has used both quantitative and qualitative research methods to examine factors related to the promotion of MCH in diverse settings including Turkey, Jordan, Italy, Eritrea, Kenya, Nigeria, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Egypt, and the United States. She is currently conducting research aiming to reduce the adverse effects of HIV/AIDS on the physical and mental health of pregnant and childbearing women in Kenya, with a special focus on HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination. In addition, her current research program includes the study of stigma as it relates to a variety of reproductive health conditions/services, including abortion, obstetric fistula, HIV/AIDS, and gender-based violence.
Areas of Interest:
• Maternal health and mortality
• Developing countries
• Stigma and discrimination
• Reproductive health
• Gender-based violence
• Quality of care
• Community mobilization
• Male involvement in reproductive health
Ongoing Research Projects:
Title: The Finding Respect and Ending Stigma around HIV (FRESH) Study. Key Funders(s): UAB Center for AIDS Research Developmental Core. Main Project Goal: To adapt and pilot test an intervention for HIV-related stigma reduction in public health department settings in Alabama that addresses all levels of staff and leads to increased uptake of HIV testing and linkage to HIV care in their patient population.
Effects of HIV/AIDS Stigma on Use of Services by Pregnant Women in Kenya. Key Funder(s): NIH/NIMH. Major Project Goal: To examine the effects of HIV/AIDS stigma perceived and experienced by pregnant women in rural Kenya and to use the knowledge gained to design interventions for reduction of HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination related to the use of essential maternity and HIV services.
Title: Formative Research for the Adaptation of an Intervention for HIV/AIDS Service Providers on Gender-Based Violence (GBV) In Rural Western Kenya. Key Funder(s): UCSF Center For AIDS Research (CFAR) Pilot Awards. Major Project Goal: To gain in-depth understanding of gender-based violence experienced by pregnant women in rural Nyanza Province using qualitative research methods and to use this knowledge to adapt and pilot a GBV intervention for health workers.
Title: Integration of HIV Care and Treatment into MCH Services in Migori District, Kenya. Key Funder(s): CDC/PEPFAR Public Health Evaluation (PHE). Major Project Goal: To determine the most effective way to reach and provide pregnant women with accessible, comprehensive, and high quality HIV care and treatment using a prospective cluster randomized design.
Title: Measuring Abortion Stigma in the United States. Key Funder(s): Anonymous Donor. Major Project Goal: Understanding abortion stigma is an important aspect of understanding women’s emotional experiences with abortion in the United States. Currently there is no standard measure for understanding abortion stigma experienced by women. We are currently developing and testing an abortion stigma scale to measure several types of stigma that are potentially experienced by women who have abortions: enacted, felt, perceived and anticipated. The scale also seeks to measure how women manage the stigma they feel through behaviors like keeping their abortions secret or sharing their experiences of abortion with others to reduce feelings of isolation.