Hospitalized smokers' expectancies for electronic cigarettes versus tobacco cigarettes.

TitleHospitalized smokers' expectancies for electronic cigarettes versus tobacco cigarettes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsHendricks, PS, Cases, MG, Thorne, CB, Cheong, J, Harrington, KF, Kohler, CL, Bailey, WC
JournalAddict Behav
Volume41
Pagination106-11
Date Published2015 Feb
ISSN1873-6327
KeywordsAttitude to Health, Electronic Cigarettes, Female, Humans, Inpatients, Intention, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Motivation, Personal Satisfaction, Southeastern United States, Surveys and Questionnaires, Tobacco Products, Tobacco Use Disorder
Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The objectives of the current study were to compare hospitalized smokers' expectancies for electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) against their expectancies for tobacco cigarettes and evaluate relationships between e-cigarette expectancies and intention to use e-cigarettes.

METHODS: Analysis of baseline data from a one-year longitudinal observational study. The setting was a tertiary care academic center hospital in the Southeastern U.S. Participants were 958 hospitalized tobacco cigarette smokers. A questionnaire of e-cigarette expectancies based on the Brief Smoking Consequences Questionnaire-Adult (BSCQ-A) was developed and administered along with the original, tobacco-specific, BSCQ-A. Intention to use e-cigarettes was assessed with a single 10-point Likert scale item.

RESULTS: Participants reported significantly weaker expectancies for e-cigarettes relative to tobacco cigarettes on all 10 BSCQ-A scales. Participants held sizably weaker expectancies that e-cigarettes pose health risks (p<.001, Cohen's d=-2.07), relieve negative affect (p<.001, Cohen's d=-1.01), satisfy the desire for nicotine (p<.001, Cohen's d=-.83), and taste pleasant (p<.001, Cohen's d=-.73). Among the strongest predictors of intention to use e-cigarettes were greater expectancies that e-cigarettes taste pleasant (p<.001, adjusted β=.34), relieve negative affect (p<.001, adjusted β=.32), and satisfy the desire for nicotine (p<.001, adjusted β=.31).

CONCLUSIONS: Hospitalized tobacco smokers expect fewer negative and positive outcomes from e-cigarettes versus tobacco cigarettes. This suggests that e-cigarettes might be viable though imperfect substitutes for tobacco cigarettes.

DOI10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.09.031
Alternate JournalAddict Behav
PubMed ID25452052
Grant ListR25 CA047888 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
U01-DA031515-S1 / DA / NIDA NIH HHS / United States