Epidemiology News

New Liaison relationship with Council for Center Directors and Council for Translational Science

Beth Brown Elizabeth E. Brown, PhD MPH, Chair of the Faculty Senate Research Committee and Associate Professor of Epidemiology in the School of Public Health, has taken on the role as the Faculty Senate Liaison to the Council of Center Directors and to the Council for Translational Science.

UAB Investigates Geographic and Racial Differences in REGARDS Study

Hypertension is a risk factor for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), few data are available for the association between treatment-resistant hypertension and ESRD risk. In a prospective cohort study, PhD student Ms. Rikki M. Tanner, and professor Dr. Paul Muntner, in the department of epidemiology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham – analyzed data from 9,974 REGARDS (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke) Study participants treated for hypertension without ESRD at baseline.

First stroke guidelines for women created with help of UAB SOPH expert

“Men are physiologically different from women, so preventive tips cannot be one-size-fits-all,” explained Virginia Howard, Ph.D., co-author of the new scientific statement Guidelines for the Prevention of Stroke in Women, published from the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association Council on Stroke in the AHA journal Stroke.

Huisingh investigates the association between frequent falls and collisions in older drivers

Carrie Huisingh, MPH, doctoral student in the Department of Epidemiology—along with department colleague Professors—recently examined the relationship between frequent falls in older drivers and motor vehicle collision (MVC) involvement in a cross-sectional study of central Alabama.

Dr. Jolly and team study factors influencing antenatal care utilization in Kumasi, Ghana

Professor Pauline E. Jolly, PhD and other colleagues —recently conducted a study aimed at investigating factors that influence antenatal care utilization and their association with adverse pregnancy outcomes (defined as low birth weight, stillbirth, preterm delivery or small for gestational age) among pregnant women in Kumasi, Ghana.

Dr. Shrestha and team determine whether copy numbers of Fc gamma receptor genes influenced treatment response for Kawasaki disease

Kawasaki disease (KD)—the leading cause of acquired cardiovascular disease among children in developed countries, including the United States—as well as response to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy and associated coronary artery disease progression have been associated with genetic polymorphisms in Fc gamma receptor (FcγR) genes.

Boehme and team investigate barriers to HIV care retention among pregnant and postpartum women

Declines in HIV care and treatment adherence among HIV-infected women during pregnancy to the postpartum period have significant implications for the clinical outcomes and overall well-being of HIV-infected women, especially due to immunosuppression during the postpartum period.

Effectiveness of run-in period in randomized controlled trials examined by Dr. Affuso and team

Few past studies have assessed characteristics that inform the optimal design of obesity randomized controlled trials (RCTs), such as a pre-randomization run-in period (during which no treatment is administered).

UAB Team Investigates Possible Link Between Duration of Sleep and Incidence of Breast Cancer

Emily Vogtmann, PhD, who recently graduated from the Department of Epidemiology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham; Assistant Professor Emily B. Levitan, ScD, in the Department of Epidemiology; and colleagues Professor James M. Shikany, DrPH, and Professor Cora E. Lewis, MD, in the Division of Preventive Medicine, recently conducted a prospective cohort study to determine whether the duration of sleep, sleep quality, insomnia, or sleep disturbance was associated with incident breast cancer in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) conducted in the United States.

UAB Researches Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroups in African American Individuals

Dr. Brahim Aissani, research assistant professor in the department of epidemiology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and department colleagues recently reported on mtDNA diversity in a sample of African American individuals enrolled in a multicenter cohort. The research highlighted the importance of sampling study participants from multicenter cohort to achieve a good representation of the population under study and allow for the generalization of the data.


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